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2014高考英语 阅读理解专题指导 猜测词义题-推荐下载

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英语阅读理解专题指导-猜测词义题
  在阅读中我们经常会遇到许多生词。这时许多同学立即翻阅词典,查找词义。这样做不 但费时费力,而且影响阅读速度、影响对语篇的整体把握。事实上,阅读材料中的每个词与 它前后的词语或句子甚至段落都有联系。我们可以利用语境(各种已知信息)推测、判断某 些生词的词义。*年来全国统一高考中加大了对考生猜词义能力的考查,因此,掌握一定的 猜词技巧,对突破高考阅读理解、提高我们的英语语言能力都有非常重要的意义。
  常见的题干有:
  1) Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word?
  2) The word... could best be replaced by.
  3) In the... paragraph, the word... means (refers to).
  4) According to the passage,... probably means.
  5) The author uses the word... to mean.   猜测词义时,一般可利用以下四个方面的线索:
  一是针对性的解释
  针对性解释是作者为了更好的表达思想,在文章中对一些重要的概念、难懂的术语或高 深的词汇等所做的通俗化的解释。这些解释提供的信息明确具体,所使用的语言通俗易懂, 利用它们来猜测词义就非常简单。
  1.根据定义(definition)猜测词义
  如果生词有一个句子(定语从句或是同位语<同位语前常有 or, similarly, that is to say, in other words, namely, or other, say, i.g. 等>或是同位语从句)或段落来 定义,或使用破折号,冒号,分号后的内容和引号括号中的内容加以解释和定义,那么理解 这个句子或段落本身就是推断词义。定义常用的谓语动词多为:be, mean, deal with, be considered, to be, be called, define, represent, refer to, signify 等。
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对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术艺料0不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试2下卷2,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能22可地护以缩1关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编试要5写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备置底4高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并敷3试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

  例 1.Do you know what a territory is ? A territory is an area that an animal ,usually the male, claims(声称)as its own.(2005 年湖北卷)

  [分析]由定义可推知,这里 territory 指的是:动物的地盘。

  例 2.In fact, only about 80 ocelots, an endangered wild cat, exist in the U.S. today.(2005 年浙江卷)

  [分析]由同位语 an endangered wild cat 我们很快猜出生词 ocelots 的义域:一种濒 临灭绝野猫。

  例 3. Here is The Pines ,whose cook has developed a special way of mixing foreign food such as caribou ,wild boar ,and reindeer with surprising sauces . (2004 年福建卷)

  According to the passage ,The Pines is a

  A.place in which you can see many mobile homes

  B.mountain where you can get a good view of the valley

  C.town which happens to be near the Banff National Park

  D.restaurant where you can ask for some special kinds of food

  [分析]通过 whose 引导的定语从句,我们可以推测到:The Pines 是一家餐馆的名字, 由此不难推出理解题的答案为:D。

  2.根据举例猜测词义

  恰当的举例能够提供猜测生词的重要线索。

  例 4. The course gives you chances to know great power polities between nation states. It will provide more space to study particular issues such as relationship among countries in the European Union, third world debt, local and

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术艺料0不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试2下卷2,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能22可地护以缩1关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编试要5写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备置底4高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并敷3试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

.

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international disagreement, and the work of such international bodies as the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, and the World Bank.(2004 年辽宁卷)

  [分析]根据 such as 后面列举的一系列例子,我们应该能推断出句中的 issue 是指议 题。

  二是内在逻辑关系

  根据内在逻辑关系推测词义是指应用语言知识分析和判断相关信息之间存在的逻辑关系, 然后根据逻辑联系推断生词词义或大致义域。

  1.根据对比、比较关系猜测词义

  在一个句子或段落中,有对两个事物或现象进行对比性的描述,我们可以根据生词的反 义词猜测其词义。表示对比关系的词汇和短语主要有:unlike, not, but, however, despite, in spite of, in contrast 等。表示对比关系的句子结构:while 引导的并列句。 同对比关系相反,比较关系表示意义上的相似关系。表示比较关系的词和短语主要有: similarly, like, just as, also, as well as 等。

  例 5.A childs birthday party doesnt have to be a hassle; it can be a basket of fun.
  What does the underlined word hassle (paragraph 1) probably mean? (2002 年 NMET)

  A.a party designed by specialists thought

  C.a situation causing difficulty or trouble

  [分析]根据对比关系,这里 hassle 和 a basket of fun 是相反的意义,很容易判断理 解题的答案为 C。

  例 6.Green loves to talk, and his brothers are similarly loquacious.

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术艺料0不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试2下卷2,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能22可地护以缩1关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编试要5写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备置底4高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并敷3试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

B.a plan requiring careful

D.a demand made by guests

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  该句中副词 similarly 表明短语 loves to talk 和 loquacious 之间的比较关系,其意 义相*。由此我们可推断出 loquacious 的意思是健谈的。

  2.根据因果关系猜测词义

  在句子或段落中,若两个事物现象之间构成因果关系,我们可以根据这种逻辑关系推测 生词词义。

  例 7.feel that since you are my superior , it would be presumptuous of me to tell you what to do .
  (2005 年上海卷)

  The word presumptuous in the middle of the passage is closest in meaning to .

  A.full of respect D.too shy and quiet

B.too confident and rude C.lacking in experience

  [分析]根据 since 引导的原因状语从句的内容(既然你是我的上司),我们可以推断这 里 presumptuous 的意思是:冒失的,放肆的意思,后半句的意思是:我告诉你怎么做会是 一种放肆/冒失的行为。对应的理解题答案为:B。

  例 8.Pruning is important because it encourages the growth of tender shoots,or young leaves.(2005 年江西卷)

  根据原因状语从句的内容,我们可以判断 Pruning 的意思是:修剪(树枝等)的意思。

  3.根据说明、并列、同等同义*义、、反义等关系猜测词义

  在句子或段落中,我们可以利用熟悉的词语,根据语言环境所表面的关系猜测词义。

  例 9.William Shakespeare said. The web of our life is of a mingled yarn(纱线) ,good and ill together. (2005 年江苏卷)

  The underlined word mingled in the last paragraph most probably means .

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术艺料0不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试2下卷2,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能22可地护以缩1关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编试要5写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备置底4高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并敷3试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

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  A.simple B.mixed

C.sad

D.happy

  [分析]句中 good and ill together 更具体地说明了 a mingled yarn 的意义,据此我 们不难推测 mingled 的意思是:混合的,交织的。

  例 10.Is it possible to beat high blood pressure without drugs ? The answer is yes, according to the researchers at Johns Hopkins and three other medical centers. (2004 年湖北卷)

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

  [分析]根据 and three other medical centers 这种并列关系,我们很容易推断出: Johns Hopkins 是一家医疗中心。

  例 11.There is no reason to insult and defame the man simply because you do not agree with him.

  [分析]根据与 insult 侮辱的同等关系猜测 defame 为诋毁 ,中伤或诽谤

  例 12.The game Americans call soccer is known around the world as football.

  [分析]运用与 football 的同义关系推断为足球。

  例 13.The house stood at the end of a quiet neat street. The little dwelling,however,looked neglected and cheerless.

  [分析]运用与 The house *义关系可以推断 dwelling 与住所有关

  例 14.Most women in China ---educated and illiterated, urban and rural, the young and old-----work to earn an income in addition to maintaining their roles as housewives and mothers.

  [分析]后面的 urban and rural, the young and old 之间都有反义关系,运用这个关 系可以推断 illiterated 为未接受过教育的,即文盲

  三是通过构词法

  在猜测词义过程中,我们还可以依靠构词法方面的知识,从生词本身猜测词义。

-5-

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

  1.根据前缀猜测词义
  例 15.Do you have any strong opinion on co-educational or single-sex schools?
  根据词根 educational (教育的),结合前缀 co-(共同,一起),我们便可以猜出 co-educational 的意思是:男女同校教育的意思。(2005 年江西卷)
  2.根据后缀猜测词义
  例 16. It's a quiet, comfortable hotel overlooking (俯瞰) the bay in an uncommercialized Cornish fishing village on England's most southerly point.(2005 年广东卷)
  后缀 -ise/ize 意思是使成为;使化,结合词根 commercial(商业的),不难猜出 uncommercialized 的意思是:未被商业化的。
  3.根据复合词的各部分猜测词义
  例 17.Good tool design is important in the prevention of overuse injuries. Well – designed tools and equipment will require less force to operate them and prevent awkward(别扭的)hand positions.(2005 年北京卷)
  Well-designed 或许是个生词,但我们分析该词的结构后,就能推测出其含义。它由 well (好,优秀)和 design (设计)两部分组成,合在一起便是设计精巧的意思。
  例 18. We live in a technological society where most goods are mass-produced by unskilled labor. Because of this, most people that craft (手艺) no longer exists. (2004 年浙江卷)
  根据合成词中的 mass (大量的)和 produce (生产),我们可以推测 mass-produce 的意思是:大批量生产;规模生产的意思。
  4.猜测词性变换新词含义
  例 19.The other teams, disappointed, were on the bus heading home. (2004 年 山东卷)
-6-

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

  head 本为名词,表头。由 the bus 和 home 的语境逻辑可以推断,该句 head 为动词,表 方向,结合全句可译为开往、驶向。
  例 20.I had first known she was wrong, that her anxiety had clouded her judgment. (2004 全国卷Ⅱ)
  cloud 本为名词,表云。分析语境逻辑可知,忧虑会影响一个人的判断,因此该句 clouded 应译为使难以。
  四是根据生活常识
  运用自身的生活经验及生活常识,根据上下文能读懂的部分,可以正确猜出词义。下面 文字中划线单词的词义你能猜出来吗?
  例 21.Birds fly with their wings, and they pick up their foods, and then eat them with their beaks and they use their claws for tearing, seizing, pulling or holding objects.   例 22.Most of the roses are beginning to wither because of the cold.
  句子的已知部分和我们的常识告诉我们:beaks 是喙;claws 是爪子;wither 表示枯萎。
  结合以上指导解下列两道阅读理解题
  A
  Ever since news of widespread food recalls caused by a carcinogenic dye broke, there has been confusion(混淆) over possible links to the country of the same name, but Sudan officials say there is no connection whatever.
  Sudan?1 is a red industrial dye that has been found in some chilli powder, but was banned in food products across the European Union (EU) in July 2003.
  Since the ban was put in place, EU officials have been striving to remove some food products from the shelves. So far 580 products have been recalled.
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  Last week Sudans Embassy in the United Kingdom asked the Food Standards Agency (FSA) for clarification of the origin of the dyes name.

  Omaima Mahmoud Al Sharief, a press official at Sudans Embassy in China, explained the purpose of the inquiry was to clear up any misunderstanding over links between the country and the poisonous dye.

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

  "We want to keep an eye on every detail and avoid any misunderstanding there," she said. "Our embassy to Britain asked them how the dye got that name and whether the dye had something to do with our country. But they told us there was no relationship."

  The FSA, an independent food security watchdog in Britain, received a letter from the Sudanese embassy last week.

  "They asked us why the dye is named Sudan, however, we also do not know how it got the name," she said. "People found the dye in 1883 and gave it the name. Nobody knows the reason, and we cannot give any explanation before we find out."

  Sudan dyes, which include Sudan?1 to 4, are red dyes(颜料) used for colouring solvents(溶剂), oils, waxes, petrol, and shoe and floor polishes. They are classified as carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

  1. What does the underlined word mean in paragraph one?

  A. Causing cancer. D.Poisonous.

B. Having side effect.

C. Containing poison.

  2. How did the Sudan?1 get its name?

  A. The dye is often produced in Sudan.

  B. The dye has something to do with the country named Sudan.

  C. Nobody is sure of the origin of the name.
-8-

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

  D. Many foods produced in Sudan contain the dye.
  3. We can infer from the passage that.
  A. the Sudan government is paying much attention to the food safety
  B. Sudan?1 is often used to be added to the food
  C. people didnt realize the danger of Sudan?1 until 2003
  D. many food shops will be closed down
  4. Which of the following is the best title?
  A. Keep away from Sudan?1
  B. No Sudan?1 dye links to the country
  C. How Sudan?1 dye got its name?
  D. Pay attention to the food safety
  B
  The Man of Many Secrets — Harry Houdini — was one of the greatest American entertainers in the theater this century. He was a man famous for his escapes — from prison cells, from wooden boxes floating in rivers, from locked tanks full of water. He appeared in theaters all over Europe and America. Crowds came to see the great Houdini and his magic tricks.
  Of course, his secret was not magic or supernatural powers. It was simply strength. He had the ability to move his toes as well as he moved his fingers. He could move his body into almost any position he wanted.
  Houdini started working in the entertainment world when he was 17, in 1891. He and his brother Theo performed card tricks in club in New York. They called themselves the Houdini Brothers. When Harry married in 1894, he and his wife
-9-

Bess worked together as magician and assistant. But for a long time they were not very successful. Then Harry performed his first prison escape, in Chicago in 1898. Harry persuaded a detective to let him try to escape from the prison, and he invited the local newspapermen to watch.

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

  It was the publicity(宣传) that came from this that started Harry Houdinis success. Harry had fingers trained to escape from handcuffs and toes trained to escape ankle chins. But his biggest secret was how he unlocked the prison doors. Every time he went into the prison cell, Bess gave him a kiss for good luck — and a small skeleton key, which is a key that fits many locks, pass quickly from her mouth to his.

  Harry used these prison escapes to build his fame. He arranged to escape from the local prison of every town he visited. In the afternoon, the people of the town would read about it in their local newspapers, and in the evening every seat in the local theater would be full. What was the result? World-wild fame, and a name remembered today.

  5. According to the passage, Houdinis success in prison escapes depends on _______.

  A. his special tricks and supernatural powers and a skeleton key

B. his unusual ability

  C. his magic tricks and unhuman powers magic tricks

D. his wisdom and

  6. In the fourth paragraph, the underlined word this refers to _______.

  A. his first prison escape D. Harry Houdinis success

B. the year 1898 C. the publicity

  7. It can be inferred from the passage that Houdini became famous _______.

- 10 -

  A. in 1894

17

D. when he was about 24

B. before he married

  8. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

  A. A Skeleton Key

  C. World-wild Fame

  A 篇【答案与解析】

  1. A 词义猜测题。根据 They are classified as carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. 可知这个词与癌症有关,故可推出 carcinogenic 意为" 致癌的"。

  2. C 细节题。根据 People found the dye in 1883 and gave it the name. Nobody knows the reason, and we cannot give any explanation before we find out.可知还没 有人知道"苏丹红"名称的由来。

  3. B 推断题。根据 EU officials have been striving to remove some food products from the shelves. So far 580 products have been recalled.可知某些食品因 含有"苏丹红"而被召回。故可推断"苏丹红"经常用作食品添加剂。

  4. B 主旨大意题。根据 there has been confusion over possible links to the country of the same name, but Sudan officials say there is no connection whatever. 可知本文主要讲"苏丹红"与苏丹这个国家是否有联系的问题,故 B 最佳。

  B 篇【答案与解析】本文介绍了 Harry Houdini 特技成功的经历和方法。

  5. B。细节题。根据第 4 段第 2 句:Harry 把手、脚都训练得很灵活来摆脱手链脚铐及 第 4 句后半部分:妻子通过接吻传给他万能钥匙,可推知此题答案为 B。

  6. A。单词理解题。根据语境,this 指上文所表演的事情:第一次越狱成功。由此可推 知此题答案为 A。

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术艺料0不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试2下卷2,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能22可地护以缩1关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编试要5写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备置底4高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并敷3试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

B. A Man of Many Secrets

D. Great Escape

C. at the age of

- 11 -

  7. D。推断题。第 3 段第 1 句:他步入娱乐圈时是 1891 年,17 岁;倒数第 2 句:第一 次成功是 1898 年,时隔七年,应是 24 岁,可推知此题答案为 D   8. D。主旨题。由文章第 1 段第 2 句:He was a man famous for his escapes — from prison cells, from wooden boxes floating in rivers, from locked tanks full of water,可知 Harry 因逃脱出名,后面列举的例子谈的是他从监狱成功地逃出,所以答案 为 D。
- 12 -

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术艺料0不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试2下卷2,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最*;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能22可地护以缩1关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编试要5写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备置底4高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并敷3试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强*缭煨谢爻饴芳也啃氤龅缤咴词备吒咔兄兄卸献首*料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。



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